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Assessing the feasibility of using administrative data to examine risk factors for domestic violence and child sexual exploitation in the Swansea area

Research overview

This pilot project will for the first time bring together a rich, detailed and multi-sectorial dataset about the population of Swansea, which will be unique within the UK. Firstly, we will evaluate how well individuals contained in police data can be matched and comparisons will be made between the characteristics of matched and unmatched individuals. Police data including known victims of DV and CSE will then be linked with health and social care data, school attendance records, substance misuse and missing persons data to investigate risk factors associated with these issues. 


Benefits

We will report on how effectively police data can be utilised in this way, which may raise issues for the feasibility of future studies and will help assess its potential impact on informing policy.


More about the research

The National Crime Agency identified Domestic Violence (DV) and Child Sexual Exploitation (CSE) as one of the highest priority threats facing the UK in 2014. Due to the nature of DV and CSE, victims rarely identify themselves as victims and as a result, many cases go undetected by police, which can have a devastating impact on victims’ lives.  Due to current difficulties in identifying victims, we wish to conduct a pilot piece of research to explore whether administrative data can be utilised to identify risk factors for DV and CSE.  The results of this project will inform future work in this area and will explore any potential impact it could have on informing policy.

In the UK, there is a general lack of awareness across agencies surrounding the issues relating to CSE and domestic violence[1].  Several charities have attempted to look at risk factors in a UK context but none have had the ability to look at data from multiple agencies.  This pilot project will for the first time bring together a rich, detailed and multi-sectorial dataset about the population of Swansea, which will be unique within the UK. The aim of the project is to explore whether linked administrative data can be used to facilitate our understanding of risk factors for DV and CSE, which will inform any future research in this area.

Firstly, we will evaluate how well individuals contained in police data can be matched and comparisons will be made between the characteristics of matched and unmatched individuals. Police data including known victims of DV and CSE will then be linked with health and social care data, school attendance records, substance misuse and missing persons data to investigate risk factors associated with these issues.  We will report on how effectively police data can be utilised in this way, which may raise issues for the feasibility of future studies and will help assess its potential impact on informing policy.

[1] Clutton, S. & Coles, J. (October 2007) Sexual Exploitation Risk Assessment Framework - A pilot study.


Government departments

Welsh local government


Date approved

March 2016


Lead researcher

Jo Davies, Swansea University


Page last updated: 24/10/2017